Friday, June 27, 2008

Rough Riding in Competitor Magazine

Chris Kostman: Who Needs Him?

Lots of Us – This Ultra-Athlete Organizer Knows How to Take You to the Limit.

By Roy Wallack, July 2008 issue of Competitor Magazine

In April 1988, for one of my first articles as a journalist, I was doing a handicap of that summer's Race Across America for the regional, now-defunct California Bicyclist magazine. None of the contenders I interviewed was a household name. Everyone pretty much said the same thing: "I've been training 400 to 700 miles a week, there's lots of competition this year, and I'm going out to win." No one's words or personality really stood out.

Except for one guy: Chris Kostman, a U.C. Berkeley junior who'd finished the race the year before as a 20-year-old, making him (then) the youngest-ever finisher and a celebrity in his hometown of Glendora. His personality was way beyond confident. Kostman said his unusual training method, which entailed riding a ridiculously low number of miles per week compared to everyone else, plus his unusual diet, composed of substances apparently only known to NASA astronauts, plus his super-secret sleeping method, known only to Himalayan monks, would make him the uncontested star of the 1988 race. His ride would not only obliterate the field, but so revolutionize RAAM and ultra-endurance cycling in general that people would be writing about it for years, studying it as if it were a guide not just to cycling, but to a new level of human consciousness.

When I put the phone down after the interview was over, I said to myself, "Well, that young guy has to be the most arrogant, self-admiring, self-congratulatory narcissist I think I've ever met." Then I thought, "He's kind of cool."

After all, nothing Kostman said was offensive, really. He was pretty interesting and actually quite respectful of the other riders. He just thought that he was really good and really smart – and he had the resume to back it up. Who doesn't want that kind of self-image?

Four years later, while I was editing the national, now-defunct Bicycle Guide magazine, (see a pattern here?) Kostman called me up to pitch a story idea. When I mentioned that I was writing a big 16-page review and feature article about the explosion of affordable front-suspension mountain bikes – a big deal in 1992 – he scoffed.

“Mountain bikes are the most over-hyped, overbuilt piece of equipment ever created,” he said. “I dust every mountain biker I see on the trails, and I ride a road bike!”

There it was again, the arrogance – the weirdly intriguing, over-the-top, strangely compelling arrogance. But again, he was more interesting than offensive, and could always back it up. Although he hadn't finished the 1988 RAAM due to a pinched nerve in his neck, the next year he set the world's first 24-hour mountain-biking record of 242 miles. And, as proof of his off-road prowess, he came down to L.A. a couple days later and took me out on the trails in the Santa Monica Mountains. He rode a Bridgestone XO-1 road bike with odd, S-shaped “mustache” handlebars.

“Hey,” I said, “Why don't you write me a story about how your skills are so honed that you can beat any mountain biker on your road bike? I'll run it next to my mountain bike story just to mess with people.”

Kostman's story, Mountain Bikes: Who Needs Them? drew 268 letters and faxes. That's more than the total number of letters the magazine had received all year. They came from average weekend warriors and bike industry titans. Everyone basically called Kostman the most egomaniacal jerk they had ever run across. One fax, addressed “Kostman sucks” was simply a drawing of a large hand with the middle finger extended. The last letter summed it up thusly: “Kostman makes some good points. Too bad he's such an A-hole.”

He loved it. I loved it. I ran the most scathing letters in the next issue, calling them an article on their own. At bike industry gatherings months later, everyone was still talking about Mountain Bikes: Who Needs Them? And everyone was reading the magazine.

I figured I'd better get to know this guy. And over the 20 years since I first interviewed him, I've seen Chris Kostman carve out a multi-faceted niche that is unique in cycling and endurance sports. He's a record-setting athlete with a penchant for crazy events like the Iditabike and the Triple Ironman; a trend-spotter and coach who rode the L.A. personal-trainer wave like John Travolta in the movie Perfect, and helped turn a local trend called Spinning into a world-wide phenomenon; and an entrepreneur who's built endurance events that are among some of the most sought-after by athletes from all around the globe, including the Badwater Ultramarathon and the Furnace Creek 508.

Kostman is not a celebrity like Lance, and he's largely unknown to general public, but he's one of many crucial behind-the-scenes links in a chain that makes the endurance sports scene thrive. And best of all, he hasn't lost the attitude, that oddly ingratiating arrogance that he exhibited in a ten-minute phone call two decades ago. In fact, it's clear that he's succeeded because of it.

“We're Out There,” is the slogan of Kostman's events company, AdventureCORPS. It fits, because even as a kid, he was out there.

At 13, on a yearlong driving trip around Europe and North Africa with his adventurous parents (both teachers on sabbatical), he dipped a toe in the Arctic Ocean and climbed one of the great pyramids at Giza. The trip left him with more than a nice photo album. “It made me realize that I don't want to wait to engage the world until I'm 70,” he says. When he got home, he started engaging it by bicycle.

At 14, in 1982, he caught the ultra-bug that would ultimately define him when he saw the Great American Bike Race (soon to be known as RAAM) on ABC's Wide World of Sports. Inspired, he biked from his Glendora home to Mt. Baldy and back, a 50-mile trip. “That day changed me,” he says. “I discovered that in a few hours or more you could have a really meaningful experience that's exciting, interesting, engaging and enlightening. I didn't want it to stop.”

Soon, while other kids were hanging out at the beach, he was pedaling there on a bike – a 100-mile round trip.

Columbus Day in 1983 was a pivotal day for Kostman. At a bike race, he spotted his idol, the guy he'd seen on TV: John Marino, the two-time transcontinental record holder and founder of RAAM. “I walked up to him and told him my dream, to set a record riding a bike from San Francisco to L.A. People were setting all kinds of ultra-cycling records then, and I found out that there was no record for that.”

Marino was tickled that a 16-year-old kid had such big dreams. "He said, 'Really?'" recalls Kostman. “Then he wrote his home phone number on a business card and said, 'Call me.'”

It was the beginning of a long, successful relationship. Marino got young Kostman into the industry bike show in Long Beach and gave him lots of contacts and promotional ideas. “I was blown away," says Kostman. “It'd be like a high school basketball player meeting Kobe Bryant, and Kobe taking him under his wing.”

A year later, Marino made Kostman an honorary lifetime member of the Ultra-Marathon Cycling Association after the 17-year-old set a world record by riding a bike from San Francisco to Los Angeles in 31 hours and 13 minutes.

That record established a pattern for Kostman, of setting records at things no one had ever thought of before. A week later, his S.F.-L.A. record was broken, so Kostman set a new one of 22:38 in 1985. A month later, that mark was also broken by Michael Shermer, another RAAM founding father. “I was so honored – another one of my idols, beating me at an event I came up with,” said Kostman, who still owns one world record: the 24-hour tandem off-record of 245.23 miles, set with Bay Area bike shop owner Ed Levinson in 1990.

With RAAM riders as heroes, it was just a matter of time before Kostman geared up for the big one himself. At age 20, while other college kids were chugging beer and partying all night long, Kostman was riding all night long, setting a new “Trans-California” speed record from the Huntington Beach pier to the Colorado River. Months later, backed by a promotional campaign with a local bank that is still legendary in ultra-cycling circles, he become the youngest RAAMster, finishing the grueling 3,127-mile route from San Francisco to Washington D.C., the longest and most mountainous ever, in 10 and 1/2 days, good for ninth place.

Hoping to "traverse land more home to moose than man," the certified scuba-diving instructor and Berkeley Master's degree holder (in Arabian Gulf Archeology – he speaks fluent French and passable Hindi) headed for Alaska, racing the snowbound 200-mile Iditasport mountain bike race in the winters of 1988, 1989, and 1991. He then opted for the 100-mile snowshoe division, finishing three races from '93 to '96. Two 11-hour Ironman triathlon finishes in the early 90s naturally led to extreme events few sane people dare: the 1993 Triple Ironman in France (53 hours, 27 minutes), and the Vermont Earth Journey (a 5.5-mile swim/263-mile bike/51-mile run).

Although Kostman was diving for wreckage in the Red Sea and pursuing his Ph.D. during the early 90s, he was never serious about an academic career. “For me, life is all about exploration and learning and getting out there. I purely was interested in college for the adventure, intellectual challenge, and for any possible contribution I could make – not for a career,” he says. “The chance of getting a teaching position in archeology is slim. I never thought I could make a living doing that. And I didn't want to take a job in some little backwoods college town.”

Plus, he was already starting to earn a living from cycling by then. “I was producing races while I was in college,” he says.

In the fall of 1990, while working on his Master's, Kostman organized the Furnace Creek 508, a 508-mile qualifier for RAAM once known as the John Marino Open. A crazy-hard challenge that blitzes northeast to southeast, from Santa Clarita to Death Valley and the Mojave Desert, the 508 has grown from a RAAM qualifier with 25 soloists to an independent event with 100 soloists and 150 relay racers. Based on his 508 success, Kostman created Team RAAM in the summer of 1992; it grew exponentially for five years until RAAM organizers, noting its success, reabsorbed it and squeezed him out.

From 1993 to 1995, an old friendship with fellow RAAM competitor Johnny G made Kostman part of the team that developed Spinning, the now-ubiquitous indoor cycling class. Hired to organize the first Los Angeles Marathon Bike Tour in 1995, he spent the next few years teaching Spinning classes at Sports Club L.A., creating and managing a cycling program for the Bodies in Motion chain, and traveling the world training instructors.

Kostman began transitioning out of the gym when his reputation for well-organized races in Death Valley led to requests for him to take ownership of marquee events like the Badwater Ultramarathon (in 2000) and the biannual Death Valley Century and Double Century in 2001. That year the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation (JDRF) also asked him to manage its Death Valley-based Ride to Cure Diabetes. His events have raised large sums for the Challenged Athletes Foundation as well.

His successes have given Kostman the time and resources to indulge in some of the quirky events he enjoys. He's kept up his triathlon bona fides with frequent participation in the standard-distance, 140.6-mile Ironman Revisited race on Oahu in the last few years. In May, he arrived home from a week with his girlfriend at the Lake Pepin 3-Speed Tour, in which all the participants cruise the environs of this quaint Mississippi River lake in Minnesota on old, English three-speed bikes. The next day, after finalizing some details on his new weeklong CORPS Camps (extreme cycling and snowshoe vacations in Mt. Shasta, Death Valley, and Paso Robles), he was off to Worcester, Massachusetts to join Greg LeMond, John Howard, and Edwin Moses for the unveiling of a statue of Major Tayor – the African-American rider who won the 1899 world cycling championship.

Something of an elder statesman due to his early start on the endurance scene, Kostman was given a lifetime achievement award from RAAM and inducted as a Fellow at the prestigious Explorers Club at age 30. “Even now, at 41, it still seems like I'm younger than most of the participants in my events,” he says with amusement.

As for his personality, and the unvarnished, opinionated pontification that used to cause people to call him an egomaniac, Kostman insists he hasn't mellowed with age – “but I have certainly learned how to package my message and present myself in a more constructive manner,” he says, carefully.

Still, he tells it like it is. “I severed my ties with RAAM because I don't like what they're doing to the race and the sport, and I use my website to promote my environmental agenda and the national parks," he says. “The world needs more outspoken people, and I've got a good platform with these events that sell out so quickly. The 508 is bigger than ever. That gives me confidence that we're doing the right thing.” On his agenda for the future someday: a book and a magazine.

Kostman admits that he is still obsessed with a certain incendiary topic that I am familiar with: over-teched, over-hyped bikes – especially mountain bikes. Kostman recently started a new blog, Rough Riders (, just to extol the simple joy of using one bike to cover all kinds of surfaces. “Rough Riders is actually the evolution of that article, Mountain Bikes: Who Needs Them?” he says. “My biggest gripe is that cycling is fixated on racing and technology. But they don't go any faster at the Tour de France every year. Nothing has made anyone faster except aerobars.”

“Funny thing, after 15 years, I still get emails about that story,” he says proudly. “People have told me that it changed their lives. It said that the bike is secondary to the experience; that less can be more; that you can have a better experience getting more in touch with the landscape in a more real and authentic way. It's easy – I just swap out the 700C wheels on my Ritchey Break-Away (fold-up road bike) to 650B wheels with a 32-diameter tire, and it opens up the possibilities of what you can do – road, dirt, rocks, sand, anything.

“After all, short of a big rocky drop-off, who needs a mountain bike?”

Roy M. Wallack is the co-author of Bike for Life: How to Ride to 100.

Click here for Roy's article at

Click here for "Mountain Bikes: Who Needs Them?"


Anonymous said...

I found this article very insightful. Though I have met Chris Kostman, and somewhat followed his progress over the last couple decades, I learned more about the guy than I really knew. As noted, he can back up what he says with actions, which can be rare in real life. Even if you do not like his bold self-confidence, there is no way you can refute his accomplishments. I commend Chris on all that he has achieved! - Robert Giacin

Anonymous said...

Great job Roy. You pretty much nailed Chris, and I understand he likes the story, which just proves your point! Thanks to both you and Chris for the reminder about riding all terrain on one bike - a practice of which I have been an advocate since before I saw my first mountain bike. It could also be reversed to "who needs a road bike?" For example, I have found a mountain bike frame superior to a road frame for on-road touring with a heavy load. And with aero bars it's just as fast. Anyway, with this timely reminder I'll include a chapter on the subject in a new book I am considering. - Paul Skilbeck

Anonymous said...

i love CK.

this plane(t) would be a WHOLE less sweaty, spiritual, and colorful without my Beloved CK.

i could still kick his multi-sport arse, however.


thanks Roy...

Namaste To All Noble Warriors like CK!

- Steve Ilg

Anonymous said...

I got to know Chris a bit better while spending nearly 48 hours in a van and at the finish line during the Furnace Creek 508 in 2006.

One thing is very unique about his approach to race organizing -- he gives sincere, substantial, personal attention to every single racer and volunteer over the course of the event, in addition to all the work ahead of time. During the event we drove up to every single racer, took photos, and had a conversation with each, and sometimes their crews, too. We stopped and chatted with every race volunteer. On top of all that, he uploads photos and race positions in near real time to a website so that friends of the racers can follow their progress the entire way, no matter where they are on the planet (with web access). This is all without sleep over at least 48 hours.

Can you believe he has to turn away many people who are wanting to ride a bike 508 miles or run 135 miles in the desert each year? (largely for safety reasons, for which he is a fanatic) ...

- Doug Sloan

Anonymous said...

Roy Wallack was spot on with his feature article about Chris Kostman. I am not at all surprised at Kostman's success at being one of the very, very few people who have carved out a living in the world of ultra-endurance sports for more than 20 years. The enthusiasm he exhibited as a 16 year old still burns within him, which is the reason he has drawn people close to whatever he's doing. I find his arrogance to be very engaging because I know his core being is centered with honesty, trustworthiness, and integrity. Those who don't know him well could be fended off by his convictions on various topics, and as far as I am concerned, it's their loss.

Kostman is not a member of the herd, in that he's not afraid to put himself out there and state a belief, then support it. Taking offense to a person like that is a huge mistake. If you feel it's important to judge someone, then do it on accomplishments and integrity.

By the way, if any readers are interested in knowing why Kostman has severed ties with RAAM, an event I created, here's why: The Ultra Marathon Cycling Association purchased RAAM in a manner that brings serious questions to their non-profit status and their internal Constitution. Kostman and others (including me) objected to this. Kostman (and 17 others) decided to run for a UMCA Board seat and the UMCA management basically "doctored" the election to make sure Kostman and other specific candidates were defeated, ensuring the election of six pre-selected (herd) candidates.

The current UMCA Board is riddled with conflicts of interest, secrecy, and privacy codes. I find these actions alone to be totally and utterly reprehensible for a publicly run organization and I fully support Chris on his stance.

John Marino
Co-founder, UMCA / RAAM

Anonymous said...

For all of us who disliked sports when we were younger there are Kostman's events that are so much more than just athletic ability.
Thank you Chris.

- Matt Ruscigno

Anonymous said...

Great job by Roy on CK's story! I have known Chris since 1995. I've told him many times that through his events (first Team RAAM then on to the 508 and officiating Badwater), that he has positively impacted my life. His events are not just enduro races for trophies--they are LIFE experiences. I'm a better person for having known him and participated in his events the last decade plus. He's a good guy that has honor. In my tribe, this says it all.

Ron Jones
Team RAAM 95-97
Furnace Creek 6x Finisher

Anonymous said...

An original, one of a kind person. He's always backed up his claims and been exactly what he says he is, if not more. He's nothing if not fair. I've had more fun in his races than anything else I've ever done and look forward to participating in his races and rides in the future.

- Marlee Bisbey
Team RAAM crew '94,'95,'96
Team RAAM finisher '97
Furnacecreek 508 team finisher '95,'96

Anonymous said...

Read this in Competitor, and it was a breath of fresh air! Until just recently I've always ridden my 15 year old Trek 830--may it RIP. Yet, reading the interview made me miss the old warhorse. I might have to resurrect it...

I'm in the Inland Empire, so if you guys ever head out this way for a ride in the mountains, look me up. Supposedly the Santa Ana River Trail will be merged with the Green River (or whatever it's called) bike path going out to the ocean.